A novel water-soluble vitamin E derivative protects against experimental colitis in rats.
Yoshida N, Yoshikawa T, Yamaguchi T, Naito Y, Tanigawa T, Murase H, Kondo M.
First Department of Internal Medicine, Kyoto Prefectural University of Medicine, Japan. email@example.com
This study was designed to investigate the effects of water-soluble vitamin E derivative, 2-(alpha-D-glucopyranosyl)methyl-2,5,7,8-tetramethylchroman-6-ol (TMG), on experimental colitis in rats. Colitis was induced in male Wistar rats weighing 200 grams using an enema of trinitrobenzene sulfonic acid (TNBS) dissolved in 50% ethanol; 1 ml of TMG dissolved in physiological saline (0.2 mg/ml, 2 mg/ml, 20 mg/ml) was injected intraperitoneally every day for 1 week after the enema. The damage score, wet weight of the colon, and increase in body weight were estimated 1 week after the enema of TNBS. Thiobarbituric acid-reactive substances (TBA-RS), an index of lipid peroxidation, and the level of alpha-tocopherol or TMG in the colonic mucosa were measured 1 week after the induction of colitis. As a result, increase in body weight was inhibited by the induction of colitis, although the inhibition was reduced in the group treated with TMG. The damage score, wet weight and TBA-RS were increased significantly in the colitis group; however, they were inhibited by the administration of TMG. The alpha-tocopherol level in the colonic mucosa was reduced by the induction of colitis, wheres TMG could not be detected in the colonic mucosa of rats treated with TMG. These results suggest that TMG is effective for the treatment of colitis in rats induced by TNBS.