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Clarifying the "Terminology Clarifications"
Corinthian Views: 1,933
Published: 16 years ago

Clarifying the "Terminology Clarifications"

Colloid  there are two kinds of colloids: one which is a measurement of size and one is an organic compound which each molecule constitutes a complete solar system within itself

A solar system?  Is this guy for real?  Is there a little planet earth with little people in this “colloid” of his?

REAL DEFINITION: A mixture with small undissolved particles that do not settle out.  A colloid consists of two separate phases: a dispersed phase and a continuous phase. In a colloid, the dispersed phase is made of tiny particles or droplets that are distributed evenly throughout the continuous phase. The size of the dispersed phase particles are between 1nm and 1000nm in at least one dimension. Homogeneous mixtures with a dispersed phase in this size range may be called colloidal aerosols, colloidal emulsions, colloidal foams, colloidal dispersions or hydrosols.

Chemical colloids are so small that one cubic inch of them will cover 7 1/2 acres and have a solid sheet !
Pure BS.  This would make each particle 0.539 nm in diameter; this is assuming there is no space between each particle.  An impossible feat given intramolecular/atomic repulsion and the simple fact that this does not occur at absolute zero which means the particles must be vibrating.

They are so small even gravity has no effect upon them and will stand in suspension in the air until they collect enough moisture to weigh them down
More BS.  All matter is subject to gravity.  The reason the particles in colloids do no settle out has to do with the energetics of the mixture. In fact if we gradually cool a colloid we will begin to see settling occurring.

Elements or compounds in it's purest forms, "Colloidal" form are "NON-POISONOUS" or "NON-TOXIC" !
Even with the advantage of making up the definition he gets this is wrong, and CONTRADICTS himself.  In his definition he mentions “organic” molecule and here he is talking about elements.  Two different things. 

Because a colloid is a mixture of at least 2 things, it cannot be “pure”

The reason is, that they cannot be separated or divided !
If you lower the temperature, the colloids will begin to settle, and will be easily separated.

They come in whole and the chemical colloids are always compounds, i.e.,
Contradicting himself above, where he refers to elements.

But a chemical colloid that is not limited to a measurement of size, is always a compound !
No, it is always at least 2 compounds.

But if you say colloidal gold you are talking about a measurement of size !
Wrong.   You are referring to a mixture in which the silver or gold will not settle in the mixture and remain suspended in the phase.

Anion:  smallest amount of energy measurable   
a species (atom or molecule) with a negative charge.

Cation:  second smallest amount of energy measurable, in a different form
a species with a POSITIVE charge

Ion:   can be either an Anion or Cation, but it is always the core in any molecule or atom
Any species with a net charge.

Electron:   is always the outer shell of any atom or electron(molecule)
Negatively charged particles that move around the nucleus of an atom.

Electrolyte: is always a conductor of electricity--any metal or substance !
An electrolyte is a substance that will dissociate into ions in solution and acquire the capacity to conduct electricity.

Organic: Anything which contains carbon !
In Biology: any quality having to do with living matter.   In Chemistry: The study of carbon containing molecules, normally associated with proteins, carbohydrates, and various compounds with specific functional groups.  Usually restricted to the first few rows of the periodic table.  This does not include diamonds, carbon fibre or bucky structures.

Inorganic:  Anything that does not contain Carbon !
Traditionally a substance not of biological origin.

Catalyst:  A chemical substance that increases the rate of a reaction without being consumed; after the reaction it can potentially be recovered from the reaction mixture chemically unchanged. The catalyst lowers the activation energy required, allowing the reaction to proceed more quickly or at a lower temperature.

Any substance that would join two or more elements or compounds together without itself becoming a part of the union,
Wrong.  A catalyst can also be part of a decomposition reaction in which a molecule is broken apart.  Enzymes are organic catalysts.  For example catalase speeds up the decomposition of H2O2 into H2O and O2; amylase also breaks down specific bonds of complex polysaccharides.

pH:  --the low p--stands for activity--a mathematical symbol ! The H stands for activity as compared to the hydrogen ions
historically it referred to the Latin or French for the Potency (or Potential) of Hydrogen

The reason we use pH in soil or Health measurements is because it is a simple ion ! One Anion and one Cation !
Wrong, “pH” is not an ion, it is the measure of acidity/basicity

Isotope : Atoms of the same element that have different numbers of neutrons.

Is any substance in which the nucleus of the electron, this is the ion and electron forces, change places !
Pure BS.  There is no such thing as the “nucleus of the electron”, nor can the ion and “electron force” change place.

Not the ion, but the forces change places in other words ! You may have a molecule with a cation nucleus or a molecule with an anion nucleus !
This has got to be the stupidest thing I have ever read in regards to isotopes.

Only those substances in which the ion substance can change places with the electron substances are isotopes !
If the ion and electron are changing places, what you have is a current, not an isotope.

If you have a molecule of Calcium, you'll have the Cation as the ion and the Anion will be the electron !
Wrong.  The electron is just the electron.

( Fluoride is a Cation !)
Wrong again.  [Fl]- is a negative ion making it an ANION, all the elements in that column form ANIONS

is one of the elements which is an Isotope !
the element with atomic number 7, which means that it has 7 Protons in the nucleus.  Isotopes of Nitrogen will all have 7 protons and either 3 – 18 neutrons.  Only N14 (7 neutrons) and N15 (8 Neutrons) are stable, the others decay in as short as 1/10^24 of a second

Protein is made of Nitrogen, thus it is an Isotope
This makes no sense.

also , of which Ammonia and Nitrate are the two Opposite isotopes of Nitrogen !!
There is no such thing as “opposite” isotopes


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