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Psychiatry Alternatives: Mental Illnesses Support Forum
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Psychiatry Alternatives: Mental Illnesses Support Forum



The following is a list of mental disorders as defined by the DSM and ICD.

The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM) is the American Psychiatric Association's standard reference for psychiatry which includes over 400 different definitions of mental disorders. The International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems (ICD) is published by the World Health Organization, and it contains a section on psychological and behavioral disorders.

The diagnostic criteria and information in the DSM and ICD are revised and updated with each new version.

This list contains conditions currently recognised descriptions of mental disorders as defined by these two documents.

There is disagreement in various fields of mental health care, including the field of psychiatry, over the definitions and criteria used to delineate various disorders. Of particular concern to some professionals is whether some of these conditions should be classified as 'mental illnesses' at all, or whether they would be better described as neurological disorders, or in other ways. Some items listed are ultimately removed: homosexuality was originally listed in the DSM, but was removed when the American Psychiatric Association officially stated that "homosexuality per se implies no impairment in judgment, stability, reliability, or general social or vocational capabilities".


The following is a list of mental disorders as defined by the DSM and ICD.


A

Acute stress disorder
Adjustment disorder
Adolescent antisocial behavior
Adult antisocial behavior
Adverse effects of medication-not otherwise specified
Age-related cognitive decline
Agoraphobia
Alcohol abuse
Alcohol dependence
Alcohol withdrawal
Alcoholic hallucinosis
Alzheimer's disease
Amnestic disorder
Amphetamine dependence
Amphetamine withdrawal psychosis
Anorexia nervosa
Anterograde amnesia
Antisocial personality disorder
Anxiety disorder
Anxiolytic-related disorders
Asperger syndrome
Attention deficit disorder
Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder
Autism
Autophagia
Avoidant personality disorder



B

Barbiturate dependence
Benzodiazepine dependence
Benzodiazepine misuse
Benzodiazepine withdrawal
Bereavement
Bibliomania
Binge eating disorder
Bipolar disorder
Bipolar I disorder
Bipolar II disorder
Body dysmorphic disorder
Borderline intellectual functioning
Borderline personality disorder
Brief psychotic disorder
Bulimia nervosa



C

Caffeine-related disorder
Caffeine-induced sleep disorder
Cannabis dependence
Cannabis withdrawal
Catatonic disorder
Catatonic schizophrenia
Childhood amnesia
Childhood antisocial behavior
Circadian rhythm sleep disorder
Cocaine dependence
Cocaine intoxication
Cognitive disorder
Communication disorder
Conduct disorder
Cotard delusion
Cyclothymia



D

Delirium tremens
Depersonalization disorder
Derealization disorder
Desynchronosis
Dissociative identity disorder (multiple personality disorder)
Dysthymia



E

EDNOS
Encopresis
Ekbom's Syndrome (Delusional Parasitosis)
Enuresis (not due to a general medical condition)
Erotomania
Exhibitionism



F

Factitious disorder
Fregoli delusion
Fugue State



G

Ganser syndrome (due to a mental disorder)
Gender identity disorder
Generalized anxiety disorder
General adaptation syndrome
Grandiose delusions



H

Hallucinogen-related disorder
Hallucinogen persisting perception disorder
Histrionic personality disorder
Huntington's disease
Hypomanic episode
Hypochondriasis



I

Impulse control disorder
Impulse-control disorder not elsewhere classified
Inhalant abuse
Insomnia due to a general medical condition
Intermittent explosive disorder



K

Kleptomania
Korsakoff's syndrome


L

Lacunar amnesia


M

Major depressive disorder
Major depressive episode
Male erectile disorder
Malingering
Manic episode
Mathematics disorder
Medication-related disorder
Melancholia
Mental retardation
Minor depressive disorder
Mixed episode
Mood disorder
Mood episode
Morbid jealousy
Munchausen's syndrome
Munchausen's syndrome by proxy
Multiple personality disorder (Dissociative identity disorder)



N

Narcissistic personality disorder
Neglect of child
Neuroleptic-related disorder
Nicotine withdrawal
Night eating syndrome
Nightmare disorder


O

Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD)
Obsessive-compulsive personality disorder (OCPD)
Occupational problem
Oneirophrenia
Opioid dependence
Opioid-related disorder
Oppositional defiant disorder (ODD)


P

Pain disorder
Panic disorder
Paranoid personality disorder
Paraphilia
Parasomnia
Parent-child relational problem
Parkinson's Disease
Partner relational problem
Pathological gambling
Perfectionism
Persecutory delusion
Personality change due to a general medical condition
Personality disorder
Pervasive developmental disorder (PDD)
Phase of life problem
Phencyclidine (or phencyclidine-like)-related disorder
Phobic disorder
Phonological disorder
Physical abuse
Pica
Polysubstance-related disorder
Post-traumatic embitterment disorder (PTED)
Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD)
Premature ejaculation
Primary hypersomnia
Primary insomnia
Psychogenic amnesia
Psychological factor affecting medical condition
Psychotic disorder
Pyromania


R

Reactive attachment disorder of infancy or early childhood
Reading disorder
Recurrent brief depression
Relational disorder
Residual schizophrenia
Retrograde amnesia
Rett's disorder
Rumination syndrome


S

Sadomasochism
Schizoaffective disorder
Schizoid personality disorder
Schizophrenia
Schizophreniform disorder
Schizotypal personality disorder
Seasonal affective disorder
Sedative-, hypnotic-, or anxiolytic-related disorder
Selective mutism
Separation anxiety disorder
Severe mental retardation
Shared psychotic disorder
Sleep disorder
Sleep terror disorder
Sleepwalking disorder
Social anxiety disorder
Social phobia
Somatization disorder
Somatoform disorder
Specific phobia
Stendhal syndrome
Stereotypic movement disorder
Stuttering
Substance-related disorder


T

Tardive dyskinesia
Transient global amnesia








A mental disorder or mental illness is a psychological pattern or anomaly, potentially reflected in behavior, that is generally associated with distress or disability, and which is not considered part of normal development of a person's culture. Mental disorders are generally defined by a combination of how a person feels, acts, thinks or perceives.

This may be associated with particular regions or functions of the brain or rest of the nervous system, often in a social context. The recognition and understanding of mental health conditions have changed over time and across cultures and there are still variations in definition, assessment and classification, although standard guideline criteria are widely used. In many cases, there appears to be a continuum between mental health and mental illness, making diagnosis complex.

According to the World Health Organisation (WHO), over a third of people in most countries report problems at some time in their life which meet criteria for diagnosis of one or more of the common types of mental disorder.



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