A hypothesis was that you need something to block bile ducts in order to get thousands of stones formed inside liver bile ducts (intrahepatic bile ducts).
What could that something be?
Liver fluke or some other parasite?
Stone formed inside gallbladder, that exited gallbladder, and then blocked common bile duct, stopping bile flow altogether?
I don't think that in most people any of those was the cause of formation of intrahepatic stones.
Because Liver flukes, tumors and Gallstones
blocking common bile duct are rare, but intrahepatic stones are common.
Important facts about healthy liver and gallbladder function:
There is no air inside liver, bile ducts or gallbladder. Those organs can either hold bile, or stones, or parasites
or are empty - flat. No air.
When there is bile inside those organs, that bile cannot exit those organs unless those organs "agree"!
It is your liver that "decides" when will it release bile that have been produced by liver and that is in that moment inside intrahepatic bile ducts.
It is your liver that "decides" how much more bile will be produced, based on needs.
Liver makes that "decision" only when fatty or bitter (Cholagogues) foods (or drink or herbs) enter your mouth and/or stomach or when fatty or bitter foods are already inside intestines (like in case of coffee enema).
It is your gallbladder that "decides" when will it allow bile to enter it, buy using it's "muscles" to enlarge itself and to make lower pressure inside, and in that way "invite" bile to enter it.
Gallbladder makes that "decision" only when liver decides to produce more bile and let it go out - down to gallbladder.
It is your gallbladder that "decides" when will it allow bile to exit it, buy squeezing itself - relaxing some muscles and contracting other kind of muscles, and producing higher pressure inside, and in that way pushing bile out.
Gallbladder makes that "decision" when fatty or bitter foods are entering duodenum, or when fatty or bitter foods are already inside intestines (like in case of coffee enema).
All those "decisions" are (of course) made automatically by brain - central nervous system, but it is easier to understand liver and gallbladder function if we think about those organs as about smart organs with it's own brain.
So, what are those organs able to do, and what not?
Liver is actually able to keep bile inside intrahepatic bile ducts, is able to reabsorb water from that bile, and is able to not let bile it go to the gallbladder, and is able to produce stones.
Water is most important liquid inside our body.
Almost all organs and tissues have ability to exchange water.
Gallbladder is able to keep bile inside, is able to reabsorb water from bile (read: make it ready to form stones), and is able to produce stones.
If bile is stagnant, stones may become forming.
If bile is without enough water, stones may become forming.
If bile is without enough bile salts, stones may become forming.
Pregnancy, stress, fear, fasting, thirst, overweight ...lack of fat, ...lack of lecithin... you name it...
Pregnancy can significantly affect bile flow!
Stress can significantly affect bile flow!
Being overweight can significantly affect bile flow!
Have you ever been undertaking an exam? Remember stress? Remember fear?
How about stress of trying to do things on time for 10 or 20 or 40 or 60 years? (Trying to get to your job on time, trying to finish job on time, ...stress ... stress ...hurry ...no time ...run...against ...clock)
How about stress of traveling. Have you ever been traveling, and been constipated for 2 days?
Why aren't intestines letting things go out?
How about stress of acute disease. Have you ever been sick, and not eating or drinking much for 2 days?
To produce stones inside liver, all you need is stagnant bile.
You don't need Liver flukes, tumors and Gallstones
blocking common bile duct.
To produce stones inside kidney, all you need is stagnant urine - thirst.
Decrease your water consumption, and sooner or later small crystals will form ... you don't need urinary tract parasites
And, by the way, of over 15 people without gallbladder, who did cleanse (that I know or have read or heard about), there was 0 without stones.
The first "stones-free cleanse" was after doing 10 cleanses or more...
And, why doesn't doctor's know about how common are liver stones
- intrahepatic stones?
What are the symptoms? Poor digestion? Well, poor digestion is common, but nobody treats it.
90% of people have no strong symptoms.
Very few people have pain symptoms? Symptoms like shoulder pain, allergies and asthma are still rare and are not linked to intrahepatic stones.
Who has interest in this knowledge entering medical university?
The answer is the same as on question why don't doctors learn about herbal medicine, or about diet, or about vitamins, or homeopathy?
Who's got interest?
Big Pharma? NO.
Big Pharma decides what doctors will learn, and what doctors may practice and what will enter university!
Big Pharma gives money for research!
Just my opinion.