Blog: Biological Research Record by Rosie
by rosieliu

Who is more likely to suffer from breast cancer?

Who is more likely to suffer from breast cancer? and how to prevent breast cancer.

Date:   10/22/2019 7:58:28 AM   ( 20 mon ) ... viewed 106 times

Breast cancer is one of the most common malignant tumors in women all over the world. According to ASCO data, in 2019, an estimated 268,600 women in the United States will be diagnosed with invasive breast cancer, and 62,930 women will be diagnosed with in situ breast cancer. An estimated 2,670 men in the United States will be diagnosed with breast cancer. It is estimated that 42,260 deaths (41,760 women and 500 men) from breast cancer will occur. The data is terrifying.

Who is more likely to suffer from breast cancer?
Breast cancer occurs in middle-aged women between the ages of 41 and 55, and the incidence increases with age. High-risk factors for breast cancer include age, family history of breast cancer, early menarche, primiparous primipara, unproductive, late amenorrhea, high height, postmenopausal obesity, high-energy ionizing radiation, and history of benign breast disease.

The following people are high-risk groups for breast cancer:
1. People with a family history of breast cancer, especially mothers and sisters with breast cancer, and whose morbidity is pre-menopausal, are highly at risk.
2. On one side of breast cancer patients, the risk of contralateral breast cancer is higher than that of normal people, especially the pathological diagnosis of lobular carcinoma in situ or multifocal cancer nest is more dangerous.
3. The menarche is less than 12 years old or amenorrhea is later than 55 years old. The younger the menarche age, the later the amenorrhea, the higher the possibility of breast cancer.
4. The childbearing age (first child) is too late. It is generally believed that the first child (full term) is over 35 years old, and the risk of morbidity increases by about 5% every more than one year. 
5. Excessive height and obesity.
6. Long-term use of contraceptives.
7. Long-term, high-frequency, large exposure to ionizing radiation or short-term chest fluoroscopy or chest X-ray examinations.
8. People with chronic cystic hyperplasia, with papilloma, active pathological hyperplasia.
For these high-risk groups, it is more important to pay attention to their own breast health, and at the same time, regular breast examination.

How to detect breast cancer early?
There are two main methods for early detection of breast cancer: breast self-examination and breast examination in hospital.
Breast self-examination is to check your breasts at home, and you can find breast lesions earlier. The best time for self-examination of the breast is usually the 9th-11th day after menstruation, when estrogen has the least impact on the body and can get more accurate results.
The specific method of breast self-examination is to take the supine position. After the arm on the side of the examination is raised to the head, use the other four fingers to start the ring from the nipple and check the breast on the side of the examination from the inside to the outside. Grasping inspection, the two sides can be alternated, and the breasts on both sides are compared. Finally, the nipple is squeezed gently to check whether there is any transparent or bloody secretion. If the lumps are touched or abnormal secretions are found, they should be reported to the doctor in time. Regular breast self-examination can often be found in breast nodules less than 1 cm in diameter, which is conducive to the early detection of cancer.
For high-risk groups and those who have difficulty mastering breast self-examination, it is best to have a breast examination every year in the hospital, and you can choose color ultrasound or MRI.

How to prevent breast cancer?
As far as breast cancer is concerned, primary prevention for the cause is still difficult to achieve, so we can make recommendations for the prevention of high-risk factors: reducing estrogen-containing drugs, food intake, regular diet and Work and rest, eat less fried, high-sugar, high-fat foods, eat more fresh fruits and vegetables, adjust your mood and arrange sports and sleep reasonably. For women of childbearing age, early childbirth and breastfeeding are beneficial to breast cancer prevention.
Secondly, it is also the most important secondary prevention at present, which is early detection, diagnosis, and treatment. From the early detection of treatment in patients with breast cancer,  most types of breast cancer early detection, the prognosis is very ideal.
Finally, it should be reminded that breast cancer is not a patented disease for women, and men also need to improve their awareness of disease prevention. If there is a localized lesion in the breast, you should not delay your medical treatment because of shyness.

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