Ayurvedic medicine recommends fruits and herbs, specifically cumin seed, bael fruit (Aegle marmelos, also known as Bengal quince), and arjuna (Terminalia arjuna) bark for the treatment of dysentery. Ayurvedic practitioners may also give the patient dietary supplements known as Isabbael, Lashunadi Bati, and Bhuwaneshar Ras. To rehydrate the body, adult patients may be given a combination of slippery elm water and barley to drink, at least a pint per day.
Traditional chinese medicine
To treat dysentery, traditional Chinese doctors use astringent drugs, which are intended to constrict or tighten mucous membranes and other body tissues to slow down fluid loss. Myrobalan fruit (Terminalia chebula), nut galls (swellings produced on the leaves and stems of oak trees by the secretions of certain insects), and opium extracted from the opium poppy (Papaver somniferum) are the natural materials most commonly used. Paregoric, a water-based solution of morphine that is still used in the West to treat diarrhea, is derived from the opium poppy.
Other plant-based remedies
Researchers in Mexico reported in early 2005 that the roots of Geranium mexicanum, a plant that produces a sap traditionally used to treat coughs or diarrhea, contains compounds that are active against both Giardia lamblia and Entamoeba histolytica. Plant biologists in Africa are studying the effectiveness of African mistletoe (Tapinanthus dodoneifolius), a traditional remedy for dysentery among the Hausa and Fulani tribes of Nigeria.