Blog: Al-Qur'an Tafsir-Exegesis
by #6879

Royal WE in Quran

Every time The Almighty uses the plural to refer to Himself, it is based on the Respect and Honor that He deserves, and on the great number of His Names and Attributes, and on the great number of His Servants and Angels.

Date:   8/29/2005 10:31:50 AM   ( 17 y ) ... viewed 1446 times

It is a feature of literary style in Arabic that a person may refer to himself by the pronoun nahnu (we) for respect or glorification. He may also use the word ana (I), indicating one person, or the third person huwa (he). All three styles are used in the Qur'an, where Allah addresses the Arabs in their own tongue. ( As all revelations are brought to the same language of the selected nation or tribe so that they may understand )

The One God, the Glorified and Exalted, sometimes refers to Himself in the singular, by name or by use of a pronoun, and sometimes by use of the plural, as in the phrase (interpretation of the meaning): "Verily, We have given you a manifest victory." [al-Fat'h 48:1], and other similar phrases.

But God never refers to Himself by use of the dual, because the plural refers to the respect that He deserves, and may refer to His names and attributes, whereas the dual refers to a specific number (and nothing else), and He is far above that." (See Al-'Aqeedah al-Tadmuriyyah by Shaykh al-Islam Ibn Taymiyyah, p. 75.)

These words, inna "Verily We" and nahnu "We", and other forms of the plural, may be used by one person speaking on behalf of a group, or they may be used by one person for purposes of respect or glorification, as is done by some monarchs when they issue statements or decrees in which they say "We have decided…" etc. [This is known in English as "The Royal We"]

In such cases, only one person is speaking but the plural is used for respect. The One Who is more deserving of respect than any other is Allah, the Glorified and Exalted, so when He says in the Qur'an inna "Verily We" and nahnu "We", it is for respect and glorification, not to indicate plurality of numbers.

If an 'aayah ( verse ) of this type is causing confusion, it is essential to refer to the clear, unambiguous 'aayat  ( verse )for clarification, and if a seeker, for example, wonders on taking verses such as (interpretation of the meaning) "Verily, We: it is We Who have sent down the Dhikr (i.e., the Qur'an)…" [al-Hijr 15:9] as proof of divine plurality, we may refute this claim by quoting such clear and unambiguous 'aayat as (interpretation of the meanings): "And your god is One God, there is none who has the right to be worshipped but He, the Most Beneficent, the Most Merciful." [al-Baqarah 2:163] and "Say: He is Allah, the One." [al-Ikhlas 112:1] and other 'aayat which can only be interpreted in one way. Thus confusion will be dispelled for the one who is seeking the truth.

Every time The Almighty uses the plural to refer to Himself, it is based on the respect and honor that He deserves, and on the great number of His names and attributes, and on the great number of His servants and angels." (See Al-'Aqeedah al-Tadmuriyyah by Shaykh al-Islam Ibn Taymiyyah, p. 109.)

Saturday : 20/12/2003

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